Dammar, also called dammar gum, or damar gum, is a resin obtained from the tree family Dipterocarpaceae in India and Southeast Asia, principally those of the genera Shorea or Hopea (synonym Balanocarpus). The resin of some species of Canarium may also called dammar. Most is produced by tapping trees; however, some is collected in fossilised form on the ground. The gum varies in colour from clear to pale yellow, while the fossilised form is grey-brown. Dammar gum is a triterpenoid resin, containing many triterpenes and their oxidation products. Many of them are low molecular weight compounds (dammarane, dammarenolic acid, oleanane, oleanonic acid, etc.), but dammar also contains a polymeric fraction, composed of polycadinene.The name dammar is a Malay word meaning ‘resin’ or ‘torch made from resin.
|Botanical Name||Common Name||Tamil||Hindi||Malayalam|
|Dammar gum||Gum Dammar||கருப்பு குங்கிலியம்||करुप्पु कुंगिलियम / karuppu kungiliyam||കറുപ്പ് കുങ്കിളിയം / kaṟupp kuṅkiḷiyaṁ|