Spikenard is one of the most attractive alpine plants, unfortunately rare, with rose-purple to whitish flowers in dense heads borne in branch-end clusters which are often branched. The whole plant has a very distinctive and lingering smell. Flower-tube is variable 6-20 mm, with 5 rounded petals spreading to 1.2 cm or more; sepal-cup is colored, 5-lobed, the sepals enlarging in fruit and becoming papery. Leaves are elliptic-lanceshaped or spoon-shaped, 5-20 cm, mostly basal and arising from the spindle-shaped rootstock which is covered with the dark fibres of old leaves. Flowering stem is 5-30 cm. Fruit is obovate, flattened, 1-seeded. The Spikenard is known since ancient times, a favorite perfume. Spikenard is found on rocks, ledges, open slopes, in the Himalayas, from Uttarakhand to SW China, at altitudes of 3600-4800 m. Flowering: June-August.
|Botanical Name||Common Name||Tamil||Hindi||Malayalam|
|Nardostachys jatamansi||Spikenard||ஜடாமஞ்சி||जटामासी / Jatamasi||ജടാമാഞ്ചി / Jatamanji|